In the arrangement of the kitchen planning plays a dominant role. Regardless of whether the room will be used for family meetings or just for cooking, more and more owners prefer zoning. For example, the working area in the kitchen is the place where most household appliances are located, and to which a number of special requirements are put forward:
- Maximum of free space, which ensures unimpeded movement and comfortable stay of several people.
- Good lighting. The local will facilitate the work, and the general will disperse the light, emphasizing the comfort of the situation.
- Ergonomic design. Instruments and pieces of furniture, designed according to human anatomy, are easier to use.
Compliance with these rules allows you to optimize even the most modest space.
Conventionally, the principles of placement of equipment and furniture in the kitchen can be divided into 4 main types: island, U-shaped, linear and L-shaped.
Such a technique consists in a separate arrangement of a part of equipment and communications. At the request of the owners, the island can serve as a dining area, an additional storage place (thanks to the built-in drawers and shelves), and also include a hob or sink. However, the method has a serious drawback: it cannot be used in a small-sized kitchen.
The next in frequency of use were steel P- and L-shaped ways of planning. Both are characterized by the so-called triangle rule. According to him, sink, refrigerator and stove are combined into one small area, located on the tops of an imaginary triangle. Moreover, the distance between the objects should be 1.2-2.7 m, otherwise unnecessary movements are inevitable, complicating the cooking process. Although the method is valid for several decades and remains relevant, it is up to its owners to decide what the kitchen will be like.
A significant factor in functionality is the lighting of the working area in the kitchen. Modern technologies offer a wide range of lighting products. A variety of types and forms allows you to harmoniously fit them into the interior of any style. In recent years, designers and architects have tried to move away from traditional chandeliers as the only source of light, combining lamps of several designs. The most successful are spots and LED strips. The latter are appreciated by many consumers who have noted their positive aspects:
- safety and durability;
- application on any area;
- affordable price.
An important task is the optimal use of the entire usable area and the elimination of "blind" zones. Best of all, built-in furniture and mobile modules handle this. The same effect can be achieved by using 2 appliances instead of the usual stove: an oven and a hob.
Part of the wall between the levels of kitchen furniture - an apron, protects it from the ingress of particles of fat and moisture in the cooking process, while also serving as a decorative element, so you should carefully approach its selection. The average height of the apron is 60 cm, but in the case when there is a hood above the stove, the distance between them should be at least 75-80 cm.
The latest trends in the world of architecture and design are a mixture of different directions, and convenience remains the only constant condition. Despite the commitment of trendsetters to eclecticism, there are several styles that have found their use in the kitchen interior.